The American College of Medical Quality was founded in Pennsylvania in 1973 as the American College of Utilization Review Physicians (ACURP). In 1991 the name was changed to the American College of Medical Quality to reflect the evolving changes in the specialty.

ACMQ is formally recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA) and holds a seat in its House of Delegates. ACMQ views the advancement of medical quality as a field of study within itself and offers multiple venues for self-education, testing and professional networking for its members.